Cognitive intelligence (IQ) refers to the ability to learn, apply knowledge, and solve problems, whereas emotional intelligence (EQ) is viewed as the ability to understand and manage your own emotions. Even though there have been debates about which one is more important in real life, we could easily agree that we need both to be successful in life.
There is an additional ongoing debate on this topic related to gifted individuals, and IQ and EQ: “Are gifted individuals more emotionally intelligent than their non-gifted counterparts?”
In the past, the definition of giftedness has been overfocused on cognitive intelligence; gifted individuals are more likely to have higher cognitive intelligence. Yet, there is a constant interaction between physical, cognitive, social, and emotional development. So, to understand giftedness better, we need to research the social-emotional development of gifted individuals as well.
Recently, we have seen more research on the social and emotional well-being of the gifted population. Aligned with this effort, researchers have examined emotional intelligence among gifted individuals, but these individual studies have provided mixed results.
This year, Dr. Uzeyir Ogurlu at the University of Wisconsin – Stevens Point conducted a meta-analysis to clarify the relationship between emotional intelligence and giftedness. He collected and analyzed 17 studies that compared emotional intelligence levels among gifted and non-gifted populations. The study findings revealed that gifted individuals had slightly higher emotional intelligence levels than their non-gifted peers. This meta-analysis showed that the social-emotional adjustment of the gifted population was at least as high as that of their non-gifted counterparts and was often higher in many of the studies.
Here is the full link to the paper:
Dr. Uzeyir Ogurlu
Wisconsin Association for Talented and Gifted Board Member
(WATG would like to extend a huge thank you to Dr. German Diaz of Milwaukee Public Schools for translating this article into Spanish for our Spanish-speaking families and educators. The translation can also be found below.)
Individuos Con Habilidades Excepcionales: Inteligencia Cognitiva e Inteligencia Emocional
El cociente de inteligencia (CI) se refiere a la capacidad de aprender, aplicar el conocimiento y resolver problemas, mientras que la inteligencia emocional (IE) es vista como la capacidad de entender y manejar sus propias emociones. A pesar de que ha habido debates sobre cuál es más importante en la vida real, podríamos fácilmente estar de acuerdo en que necesitamos de manos para poder tener éxito en la vida.
Hay un debate continuo adicional sobre este tema relacionado con las personas superdotadas o con habilidades excepcionales, y el coeficiente intelectual: "¿Son las personas con habilidades excepcionales, más inteligentes emocionalmente que las personas que no poseen habilidades excepcionales?"
En el pasado, la definición de “superdotado” o perdonas con habilidades excepcionales se ha centrado demasiado en la inteligencia cognitiva; individuos dotados son más propensos a tener mayor inteligencia cognitiva. Sin embargo, hay una interacción constante entre el desarrollo físico, cognitivo, social y emocional. Por lo tanto, para entender mejor a las personas con talentos especiales, necesitamos investigar el desarrollo socioemocional de individuos con habilidades excepcionales.
Recientemente, hemos visto más investigaciones sobre el bienestar social y emocional de la población de personas con habilidades especiales. Junto con este esfuerzo, los investigadores han examinado la inteligencia emocional entre individuos con habilidades excepcionales, pero estos estudios han proporcionado resultados mixtos.
Este año, el Dr. Uzeyir Ogurlu de la Universidad de Wisconsin – Stevens Point llevó a cabo un meta-análisis para aclarar la relación entre la inteligencia emocional y la inteligencia cognitiva. El, recopiló y analizó 17 estudios que compararon los niveles de inteligencia emocional entre poblaciones de personas con habilidades excepcionales y quienes no lo son. Los resultados del estudio revelaron que los individuos con habilidades excepcionales tenían niveles de inteligencia emocional ligeramente más altos que sus compañeros con habilidades promedio. Este metanálisis mostró que el ajuste socioemocional de la población con habilidades excepcionales era al menos tan alto como el de sus contrapartes y a menudo este tipo de inteligencia resulto ser mayor en muchos de los estudios.
Aca esta la pagina de internet del estudio realizado por el Dr. Uzeyir:
Dr. Uzeyir Ogurlu
Miembro de la mesa directiva de WATG
(La asociación WATG desea extender un agradecimiento especial al Dr. German Diaz de las escuelas publicas de Milwaukee por traducir este artículo en español para nuestras familias y educadores de habla hispana. La traducción también se puede encontrar en nuestros blogs del sitio web.)
At a recent WATG Townhall meeting, “Leading the Way,” on February 25, educators and parents shared ideas on how to find and work with emerging leaders at all levels. Many great ideas were discussed, and one serendipitous idea especially caught our attention. What if we married current events articles about students finding themselves in leadership positions, and gleaning lessons learned? Then students could be learning about current events AND processing lessons learned about leadership, things such as: What does it take to be a leader? Does leadership find you, or do you find leadership? What skills are needed, and what skills can be learned? How are those skills learned? How do leaders find problems to solve? How do problems find leaders to solve them? How can we best teach the skills needed to be a leader? When (at what age) should we start? What leadership opportunities might be present in my life? Where can I get help with my ideas?
A perfect example to use in a leadership lesson such as this was reported recently In this article in the Washington Post, People Are Struggling to Get Vaccine Appointments...A 14-Year Old Stepped In. Freshman Benjamin Kagan essentially used the problem-solving method in tandem with his leadership skills, providing others with some valuable leadership lessons. First he spotted a problem; he discovered that many people were having difficulty securing appointments for the COVID-19 vaccine. So he set out to learn more about the problem, and used both creative and critical thinking skills. He said he learned to navigate vaccine registration systems in January while helping his grandparents in Florida find appointments. Then a journalist who talked to his class for career day urged the students to watch a local news segment, in which Benjamin learned about the Chicago Vaccine Hunters group on Facebook.
Realizing that his newfound vaccine registration skills might be in demand, he started sharing tips with the Chicago Vaccine Hunters group while on his winter break. Immediately his Facebook Messenger inbox began to overflow with requests. Many people asked for help because they said they were “too slow or technologically unskilled to sign up themselves.” At this point, Benjamin realized that he needed a plan if he were to upscale his idea.
Since he could not keep up with the demand for assistance by himself, he enlisted the help of about 50 additional volunteers. Using Google Forms, Benjamin created a spreadsheet to organize the requests, the volunteers, and the work.
Besides being a fabulous human interest story, this account provides a great teaching lesson in leadership. Additionally, there are probably many fine examples of leadership in action in the news, and they could be used to pique our young people’s interest in both leadership and service learning. So often when we find ourselves (immersed) in service learning, we find ourselves, our talents, and a calling. We learn new skills and use them to make our world a better place. Benjamin found himself and developed his leadership skills; others can too. How can we foster these skills?
Additional note: The theme for WATG’s 2021 Annual Fall Conference is “Leading the World Into the Future.” We are planning to celebrate the many ways that we can develop leadership skills in our young people. What have you tried? Would you be willing to submit a workshop proposal and share your ideas? Here is your chance to be a LEADER! Proposal form can be found here. Take a risk; share and grow!
~Sarah Kasprowicz, Programming Committee Chair
In 2020 the WATG Acceleration Committee published their report on the use of Academic Acceleration in Wisconsin: Moving Wisconsin Forward. Another goal of our committee is to improve professional development about academic acceleration for our schools.
I have exciting news! The National Center for Research on Gifted Education is doing that and more in 2021 with their national study, “Supporting Academic Acceleration in Schools.” This study will benefit students, educators, and families in Wisconsin. The study will provide professional development about acceleration, support in expanding the use of acceleration in your school, and help utilizing a universal screening system in your district!
Many of the best primary researchers in the field of gifted education, including experts from the Acceleration Institute at the University of Iowa, Dr. Scott Peters from UW-Whitewater and the University of Connecticut are seeking participants now at this link.
Please take a moment to check this out!
By Stacy Novak, WATG Board Member
This school year sure has been stressful for all teachers. Everyone is experiencing different circumstances, but they all provide stress and burnout the same way. Teachers are dealing with virtual learning, hybrid learning, changes within the classroom if in person, students and teachers having to quarantine at various times throughout the school year, and possibly even going back and forth from in-person to virtual and back again.
I also have been experiencing stress and burnout throughout the school year. For my gifted and talented program, I teach three grade levels (third, fourth, and fifth). This means I have three grade levels to plan activities for in social studies, math, and spelling. I do whole class activities for reading, writing, and science. This was normal the last two years as well; however, now since the students have to stay in my room the whole day, I have to teach all grade levels religion as well (they used to go to their grade level for religion class). I have one students who is virtual and many students who have had to quarantine throughout the year due to exposures or not feeling well (thankfully, no positive cases, though!), so I make my lessons into Google Slides so the students get the whole lesson if they are not present at school. This takes up a lot of time to put the lesson into a Google Slide and make it look nice. I also record all math lessons, so that means recording three grade levels of math.
One Day at a Time
As the 2020-2021 school year has unfolded, I have learned that you have to take the school year one day at a time and not focus too far into the future. The year 2020 has definitely taught us that anything can happen at the snap of a finger, so we have to be flexible and understanding.
In order to help myself avoid burnout this school year, I have done a few things:
As we come to a new year, set goals for yourself and stick to them! Make a plan for how you want to proceed in the year 2021 in order to help you avoid teacher burnout. Then come back to that plan once a week to see how well you have stuck to it and reflect on what you can do to improve.
The Not So Wimpy Teacher said it best on her Podcast when she said, “News flash: your value is not tied to the number of hours you work. Your value is what you do with those hours”
(5 Ways to Spend Less Time at School).
I hope this post has given you some insight on how to prevent burnout this school year.
Please share what you do to prevent burnout!!
Mary Budde, WATG Treasurer
As the expression goes, if I had a nickel for everytime my parents told me there was nothing I couldn’t learn if I could read, well, I’d be rich. Up through elementary school, my mom and I would go to the public library after school on Thursdays and check out our reading for the coming week. I was fortunate to grow up close to a large neighborhood library, in which there was never a shortage of books that piqued my interest. As an adult, I count reading as one of my treasured daily pleasures.
There is a natural progression of listening, to reading, to writing throughout childhood, although reading and writing are intertwined. Reading to a child in infancy and beyond has repeatedly been shown to benefit children in many ways; in addition, it’s very enjoyable for the adult doing the reading. I would argue it is just as enjoyable to read a favorite book to an elderly person who can no longer do so themselves.
We all have books that, for one reason or another, are our favorites. Maybe they are associated with a particular person or memory, or were just plain enjoyable. The Books That Changed My Life: Reflections by 100 Authors, Actors, Musicians, and Other Remarkable People is a collection of short essays of the contributors’ selections, and explanations of the books which impacted them.
Most of the books the contributors cite were read up to early adulthood, although there are a few exceptions. Some are ones you might expect: The Odyssey, Animal Farm, Pride and Prejudice and Slaughterhouse-Five. Others are less traditional: Green Eggs and Ham, The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, Pinocchio, and the Nancy Drew series. However, there are a number of common themes in the essays as to the reasoning for the selections. How many of these apply when you think of books that made an impact on you?
Think about your own selections and how they influenced you. How can you help your children find theirs from the past and present? Has your child read your most impactful book? Form your own family book club to explore books together. It will be an enjoyable and meaningful journey.
The Books That Changed My Life: Reflections by 100 Authors, Actors, Musicians, and Other Remarkable People
By Bethanne Patrick. Regan Arts. (March 29, 2016)
Under-representation of minority and culturally different children in gifted education is a serious issue in the American education system. One of the main reasons that these students are under-identified centers around the use of identification methods that are culturally biased. Identification must be based on a student’s potential instead of his/her performance, and identification instruments must be culturally appropriate. School districts use various assessments to identify gifted students. Some of the assessments currently in use are the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children Fourth Edition (WISC-IV), the Cognitive Abilities Test (CogAT) and, the Naglieri Nonverbal Ability Test (NNAT), among others.
School districts across the globe have been using the WISC-IV tool for many years.This test measures children’s cognitive skills by evaluating their ability to understand, comprehend, and apply what they have learned. This is a helpful tool to identify all types of learners, especially minority students.
Another test that we can administer to identify our students is the Cognitive Abilities Test (CogAT). The general purpose of this assessment is to test the cognitive abilities of K-12 students relating to their verbal, quantitative, and non-verbal reasoning and problem-solving skills. The CogAT Form 7 is accessible to non-English speaking students, as it is in non-verbal format. It measures cognitive development and problem-solving skills. Some schools use Form 6 and some use Form 7. This is a helpful tool to identify non-English speaking students who are gifted.
The third IQ test that is often used to identify students is the Naglieri Nonverbal Ability Test (NNAT). The NNAT is a measure of nonverbal intellectual ability presented in a matrix analogy format. Many districts administer this test to identify students who do not perform well in school due to language barriers or learning disabilities. The entire test is nonverbal and it includes different illustrations and diagrams with various patterns and shapes. This test is a good predictor for success in a school’s gifted program, and some sample tests are available online. If students practice beforehand by taking the sample tests, they might do well in this test, as it will give them the advantage of seeing the types of questions that will be on the NNAT.
Administering these tools help us get a general sense of a student’s abilities and learning style. They give us one view of a child’s ability to be successful in school. However, many other data sources can give us valuable information about students. Multiple data sources may include achievement tests like FORWARD, STAR or MAP, classroom assessments, teacher rating scales, parent nominations, teacher nominations, or classroom performance to identify students for the school’s gifted programming.
My school district is one of the most diverse school districts in the North Shore area of Milwaukee. 55% of our students are minority students and 33% of them are eligible to receive free and reduced lunch. Despite using all of these assessments, we still feel like we are not identifying all of our students who are gifted. When I first started my position as a gifted and talented teacher 11 years ago, I had only a few African American students in my GT Resource class. By using various assessments that are less biased, we are able to identify more minority students in our gifted program. Currently, we have 30 African American students, 2 Native American students, 5 EL students, 6 Asian students, and 7 Hispanic students in our GT Resource class. This is a prime example of the importance of using culturally unbiased instruments for identification purposes.
In conclusion, we should understand that human capabilities are much more diverse and complex than what is measured by achievement tests and ability tests alone. Nonverbal reasoning tests do help identify bright children, especially those who are poor or who are not fluent in the language of the dominant culture, but educators should compare the test scores of these children with other children who have had similar opportunities to develop the abilities that are measured. And once we identify students whose needs are not being met, we must act on that knowledge and provide adequate challenging accommodations.
by Lalitha Murali, WATG Board Member
By Martha Lopez, WATG Board
As a Mexican-American educator in Wisconsin, I bring a unique perspective to the topic of why teachers of color matter. They matter to Black, Indigenous, and People of Color (BIPOC) families.
For twelve years, I was a bilingual educator teaching brilliant 1st- 4th grade bilingual students in the largest public school district in Wisconsin. Then I taught advanced English Language Arts to academically gifted 6th-8th grade students statewide. The majority of those students were BIPOC. Today, I am one of two licensed Bilingual Gifted & Talented Program Coordinators in the state. Every year, students and parents remark, “how lucky I am to have you as my teacher.” And I feel lucky to be one of the 1.2% of Latina educators in Wisconsin. Allow me explain.
Across the nation, a Washington Post analysis of school district data from 46 states and the District of Columbia found that only one-tenth of 1% of Latino students attend a school system where the portion of Latino teachers equals or exceeds the percentage of Latino students. It’s only slightly better for Black students. That is, 7% were enrolled in a district where the percentage of black teachers matched or exceeded the percentage for students. Among Asian students, it was 4.5%. Meanwhile, 99.7% of White students attended a district where the teachers were as White as the student body.
On a positive note, according to federal data, the share of teachers of color has grown. For example, in 1988, 87% of public school teachers were White, and by 2016, 80% were White.
Nevertheless, the racial gap between teachers and students has widened as the population of younger BIPOC enrollments have increased throughout the US. In 1994, two-thirds of public school students were White, while in 2019 it was less than half.
Some of the challenge is demographic: Latinos are younger, as a group, so they make up a greater share of the student population than the adult population. Teachers may stay in the profession for decades, so it takes time for the workforce to transform.
And yet researchers have found significant positive results when students of color have teachers of their race or ethnicity. These positive results include better attendance, fewer suspensions, more positive attitudes, and higher test scores, graduation rates, and college attendance. Teachers of color also have higher expectations for students of color, which may fuel the other gains.
Studies find that having a same-race teacher makes Black and Latino students more likely to graduate from high school and enroll in college, and can even affect a choice of major. A study looked at Black students who had at least one Black and one White teacher in high school and found the Black teachers more likely to expect Black students would finish college. Another study found that Black students were more likely to be referred for gifted and talented programs when they had Black teachers. Studies found the race of a teacher does not affect White students in the same way, although there may be life benefits from exposure to diverse perspectives and role models. Most children are not getting that. About 8 in 10 students live in districts where Black or Latino teachers make up less than 5 percent of the faculty.
As far as Wisconsin teachers, the numbers are very similar to the country. I looked at the three largest public school districts in the state: Milwaukee Public Schools (MPS), Madison Metropolitan School District (MMSD), and Green Bay Public Schools (GBPS). As the figures below indicate, MPS has a 60.1% teacher of color gap. Specifically, about 90% of students are BIPOC, whereas only 28.8% of teachers are BIPOC. At MMSD, there is a 44.3% teacher of color gap, where 57.3% of students are BIPOC and 13% of teachers are BIPOC. Finally, at GBPS, there is a 49.4% teacher of color gap. That is, 54.3% of students are BIPOC yet about 5% of teachers are BIPOC.
It is undeniable, representation absolutely matters, and it matters for almost every educational outcome we can think of. The million-dollar question -- is how do we effectively find teachers of color and how do we retain them? This is the discussion we need to continue to have.
Please save time during the WATG Virtual Conference 2020 to join members of the WATG board for our Virtual UnConference. Several virtual ZOOM rooms (pick one) with various themes will be available for you to join, and will be moderated by WATG Board members. These are the RULES:
Rule #1: Whomever joins the UnConference will be the perfect mix for a great discussion!
Rule #2: Discussions may flow in various directions – you set the agenda for the topic on the fly!
Rule #3: Beverages are allowed (encouraged) during the UnConference!
Rule #4: It is over when it’s over!
Sunday, October 18, 2020 starting at 6pm
Topics will include: Equity in Gifted Ed, Parenting can be Lonely, Twice Exceptional Students (2e), Acceleration in our Schools, How to Become a WATG Board Member, Advocacy within a School, Advocacy at the State Level, and Gifted Potpourri (any topic about gifted that you want to discuss).
Mark your calendars and be there!
The WATG Conference Committee
There is a common belief that perfectionism is a characteristic of gifted individuals. Therefore the question of whether gifted students are more perfectionistic than their non-gifted peers has been studied in gifted education. This is due to the significance of perfectionism in the social and emotional development of gifted individuals.
Perfectionism is a complex concept, just as giftedness is. A current meta-analysis by Ogurlu (2020) suggested that gifted individuals do not differ from their non-gifted peers concerning perfectionism. On the other hand, healthy perfectionism was higher in gifted participants than their non-gifted counterparts. Healthy perfectionism is characterized by striving for excellence and pleasure in the endeavor for success, and an awareness of the limits. Unhealthy perfectionism, conversely, is characterized by dissatisfaction with what has been accomplished, and by setting irrationally high goals. Ogurlu’s study implies that perfectionism is another myth about gifted individuals.
To read more about the study:
Board Member, WI Association for Talented and Gifted
¨Hands-On, Minds On, Now More than Ever¨ is more than a theme for the upcoming Wisconsin Association for Talented and Gifted conference; it is a rallying call for our work as advocates for Gifted and Talented Students. The WATG board, under the leadership of Jackie Drummer, Past President and current Board Advisor, crafted a statement about the importance of equity for all students. In that statement, we wrote: “As an organization, we are cognizant of the inequities in the identification and educational programming for gifted students of color.” The truth of this statement is jarring. Dr. Marcia Gentry, one of the keynote speakers at our upcoming fall virtual conference, notes that limited seating availability and lack of local normative data leads to gifted students from underrepresented backgrounds lacking access to appropriate services.
We continued our statement observing that “WATG is devoted to examining and rectifying these disparities.” One of the ways we do this is through adult education. This organization reaches out to parents, educators, administrators, and political leaders locally and nationally. We aim to provide tools based on research regarding the importance of providing equitable learning opportunities for all students through educational outreach. Dr. Brian Housand, another keynote speaker at our fall virtual conference, provides practical tools that encourage and empower students and their advocates to work collaboratively for a better future.
Furthermore, “WATG pledges to do our part to dismantle structural and institutional racism.” Parents and advocates for gifted students need to feel comfortable with the adage that we all succeed when everyone has access to the best possible education. Two parent/guardian workshops at our virtual fall conference will focus on families and advocates. One is entitled Parent to Parent, and will be a facilitated discussion, allowing parents to share ideas and strategies that work with gifted children. A second workshop, Growth Mindset for Gifted Kids, will focus on strategies to develop growth mindset in gifted children. Both of these workshops will offer insights into the unique traits that define this population, including a heightened sense of right and wrong, a demand for perfection, and a desire to make the world a better place.
A critical component of educational equity is building cultural capital. All students deserve learning environments that encourage and promote inquiry. The variety of workshops at our fall virtual conference will offer strategies, introduce topics, and inspire creative leadership for all participants. We at WATG ended our social justice statement by “inviting partnerships with other institutions, groups, and individuals to share conversations about the impacts of race, and we will work to listen, learn, and support each other in this critical process of changing our world.” Joining our organization and attending the 2020 Conference will enable us to create a stronger coalition of advocates working to create equitable opportunities for all gifted and talented learners in the state of Wisconsin.
We look forward to seeing you!
Maria Katsaros-Molzahn, Board Member